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18-19 Unit 2 Section Ⅳ Language Points (Ⅱ) (Learning about Language & Using Language)_图文

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Unit 2 Section Ⅳ

Robots

Language Points (Ⅱ) (Learning

about Language & Using Language)

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[教 材 语 篇 细 研]
第一步 速读——了解文章主题和段落大意 速读 P16 教材课文,选择最佳答案 What does the passage mainly tell us? A.How Asimov became famous. B.Asimov is a great American scientist and writer. C.Asimov had a talent for writing. D.What Asimov's early life was.
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【答案】 B
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第二步

细读——把控文章关键信息

细读 P16 教材课文,选择最佳答案 1.What kind of books is Isaac Asimov best known for? A.Mystery stories. B.Science and history books. C.Books about the Holy Bible. D.Science fiction stories.

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2.How old was Isaac Asimov when he became a biochemistry teacher at Boston University? A.22. C.29. A.The Foundation trilogy. B.I,Robot. C.In his first novel. D.In his first science book.
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B.28. D.38.

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3.In which book did Asimov develop a set of three “laws” for robots?
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4.The main idea of the fifth paragraph is about Isaac Asimov's A.birth date and place B.education C.awards D.family life



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5.We can infer from the passage that A.Asimov was a Russian scientist B.Asimov died in Russia



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C.Asimov was a person with a talent for writing and ambition for work D.Asimov didn't live a happy life with his second wife
【答案】 1-5 DCBCC
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第三步

精读——能力升华

接轨高考
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根据 P16 教材课文,改正下列文中的 10 处错误 Isaac Asimov was an American scientist and a writer.He wrote around 480 books where included mystery stories,science and history books.But he is better known for his science fiction stories.He had an extraordinarily imagination that gives him the ability to explore future worlds.Besides,he searched explanations of everything,in the present and the past,with an amazed mind.Throughout his life, Asimov received many award.He married two.He married his first wife in 1942 and married again in 1973.In 1992,he died of New York.

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【答案】 Isaac Asimov was an American scientist and ﹨ a writer.He wrote around 480 books where included mystery stories,science and history books.But he is better known that/which best for his science fiction stories.He had an extraordinarily imagination that gives him the extraordinary gave ability to explore future worlds.Besides,he searched ∧ explanations of everything, for in the present and the past , with an amazed mind.Throughout his life , Asimov amazing received many award .He married two .He married his first wife in 1942 and married awards twice again in 1973.In 1992,he died of New York. in
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[语 言 基 础 自 测]
Ⅰ.单词拼写 根据汉语或首字母提示,写出下列单词 1.Motorists must obey obey (服从) the new traffic laws. 2.She is junior (比……年幼) to me but she looks mature. 3.All the staff (全体员工) in the office are in favour of his suggestion. 4.He has deep affection for China and doesn't want to leave. 5.She divorced divorced him after years of unhappy marriage.
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Ⅱ.拓展词汇 根据词性和汉语提示,写出下列单词
assessment n.评价;评定→assess v.评价;评定 1.assessment receiver n.收件人;接收机;电话听筒→receive vt.收到 2.receiver imagination n.想象(力);创造力;幻想物→imagine vt.想象;料想;猜想 3.imagination

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4.talent n.天才;特殊能力;才干→talented adj.天才的;有才能的 5. junior adj.较年幼的;资历较浅的;地位较低的 n.年少者;晚辈;等级较低 者→senior (反义词) adj.资格较老的;地位较高的 n.较年长者

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Ⅲ.补全短语 根据提示补全下列短语 1.set aside 将……放在一边;为……节省或保留(钱或时间) 一共;总计 一定做…… 因……而闻名 放弃 严肃/认真对待……

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2.in all 3.be bound to 4.be known for 5.give up
seriously 6.take sb./sth.seriously

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Ⅳ.选词填空 选用上述短语的适当形式填空 1.If you have problems at home,it is is bound bound to to affect your work. 2.As is known to all,Lei Feng is known known for for his willingness to help others. 3.Try to set aside aside half an hour every day for something you really enjoy doing.
seriously,you will fail in the coming exam. 4.If you can't take your study seriously

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Ⅴ.经典句式仿写 1.It was when Asimov was eleven years old that his talent for writing became obvious. 早在阿西莫夫 11 岁时,他的写作天赋就已经显露出来了。 [记句式结构]强调句型“it's+被强调部分+that+其他部分”
It because of of the traffic [仿写促落实]It '' ssbecause traffic jam jamthat that he was late for work.

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因为交通堵塞,他?喑俚搅恕

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2.Asimov began having stories published in science fiction magazines in 1939. 1939 年,阿西莫夫开始在科幻杂志上发表小说。 [记句式结构]“have sth.done”意为“让(别人)做某事”
had his [仿写促落实]The reason why he came late was that he had his bike bikerepaired repaired on the

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way to school. 他来晚的原因是上学的路上去修理自行车了。

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3. Among his most famous works of science fiction, one for which he won an award was the Foundation trilogy (1951-1953). 在他那些最著名的科幻作品中,有一部获奖作品叫作《基地》三部曲 (1951- 1953)…… [记句式结构]one 作同位语,代指前面提到的名词
one who [仿写促落实]He is a good student,one who possesses possessesgood goodmorality morality,sound body,
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perfect knowledge and various abilities.
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他是一个好学生,一个拥有良好的品德、健全的身体、完美的知识和各种各样 的能力的学生。

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4. Use a clear simple style as if you were writing to younger students in your school. 运用简洁明了的写作风格,就好像你的读者是你们学校低年级的学生那样。 [记句式结构]as if 意为“好像;仿佛”,引导方式状语从句 [仿写促落实]She talks as if if she she knew knewall all about it. 她说话的口气就好像这件事她全都知道了。

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set aside 将……放在一边;为……节省或保留(时间或钱);暂时不考虑 (教材 P13)He felt happy when his boss stated that he could set aside some time for exercise. 当他的?灞砻魉梢粤舫龅闶奔淅炊土妒彼械胶芨咝恕

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set off set about set out set down set up

出发;起程;引爆 着手/开始做……(后接名词、动名词) 出发;开始做……(后接不定式) 放下;记下 建立;树立;搭起

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①The young man dreams of setting up his own company.这个年轻人梦想着建立 自己的公司。 ②We set about painting (paint) the whole house but finished only the front part that day.= We set out to paint (paint) the whole house but finished only the front part that day. 我们那天开始粉刷整座房子,但只完成了前面的部分。 【导学号:19142016】

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in all 一共;总计 (教材 P14)There were sixty in all. 总共有 60 人。 at all not at all above all first of all all in all after all 根本;到底;当然 根本不,一点儿也不 首先;首要的是(强调地位上的重要性) 首先(强调顺序) 总之;总的说来 毕竟;终究
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①All in all,every road leads to Roma,and I do believe hard work pays off. 总之,条条道路通罗马,我坚信努力总会有回报。 ②First of all,let them introduce themselves to us. 首先,让他们向我们作自我介绍。 ③You shouldn't have scolded the boy at all.He is a child after all.Above all,he made only two mistakes in all. 你本不应该责备那个男孩,他毕竟还是个孩子;最重要的是,他总共才犯了两 个错。

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be bound to 一定做…… (教材 P15)Who said that making a robot so much like a man was bound to cause trouble? 谁说造像人的机器人是注定要惹出麻烦的? be bound to do sth. be bound for be bound up with sth. be bound up in sth. 一定会做某事;有义务做某事 开往;飞往;驶往 与某事有密切关系 忙于(专心于;热衷于)某事

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①We'd better take a plane (that is) bound for China. 我们最好乘坐飞往中国的飞机。 ②We are bound to do what we can to help the disabled. 我们有义务尽力帮助残疾人。 ③So long as we hold fast to our ideals and never give up,we are bound to achieve(achieve) success. 只要我们坚持梦想、永不放弃,我们一定会取得成功。 ④He is bound up in his work which is bound up with the welfare of the community. 他忙于工作,这项工作与社区福利事业有密切联系。
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junior adj. 较年幼的;资历较浅的;地位较低的 n.年少者;晚辈;等级较 低者 (教材 P16)In 1942 he joined the staff of the Philadelphia Navy Yard as a junior chemist and worked there for three years. 1942 年他成为费城海军造船厂的一名初级化学师,并在那里工作了三年。

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(1)be junior to sb.比某人资历浅或地位低
? ?A is (2)? ? ?A is

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...years B's junior. ? ? ?A 比 B 小……岁 B's junior by ...years.? ?

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(3)senior adj.年长的;资深的;地位高的 n. 较年长者;高年级学生;前辈;资历深者 (4)be senior to sb.比某人资历深或地位高
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①He is junior to several persons in his company, but he has greater ambition. 他比公司里的几个人资历浅,但是他理想更大。 ②My brother is my junior by several years. 我弟弟比我小好几岁。 ③He always looks up to those who are senior to him in rank. 他总是仰慕比他地位高的人。

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[图形助记]

junior 与 senior

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[名师点津] junior/senior 本身就含有比较的意义,没有比较级和最高级,表示比较时,不与 than 而与 to 搭配。

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(教材 P16)It was when Asimov was eleven years old that his talent for writing became obvious.早在阿西莫夫 11 岁时,他的写作天赋就已经显露出来了。 (1)【要点提炼】 句中强调的是时间状语 when Asimov was eleven years old。

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(1)强调句的基本结构为“It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其他部分”。强调 句可以强调主语、宾语、状语等,不能强调谓语。当被强调部分是人的时候用 that/who,是其他的时候用 that。 (2)强调句型的常见形式: ①陈述句:It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其他部分。 ②一般疑问句:Is/was it+被强调部分+that/who+其他部分? ③特殊疑问句:疑问词+is/was+it+that/who+其他部分? ④not...until...句型的强调句: It is/was not until...+that +其他部分。
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①It was how the young man had learned five foreign languages that attracted the audience's interest. 引起观众们兴趣的是这个年轻人怎样学会了五种外语。 ②What is it that you are doing now? 你现在到底在干什么? ③Was it in this street that the accident occurred? 事故是在这条街上发生的吗? ④It was not until I met you that I knew real happiness.直到我遇到你以后,我才真 正体会到幸福。
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(2)talent n.天才;特殊能力;才干 (1)have a talent for...=have a gift for... 对……有天赋;有……的天赋 (2)talented =gifted adj. be talented/gifted in 有天资的;才华横溢的 在某方面有才能

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⑤They are usually highly educated,talented/gifted in art and are sensitive. 他们通常受到高等教育,有艺术天赋,而且很敏感。 ⑥It is said that his father was a talented(talent) basketball player. 据说他的父亲是一位天才篮球运动员。 ⑦She is proud that both her children have a talent/ gift for music. 她为自己的两个孩子都有音乐天赋而自豪。
[名师点津] talent 的同义词是 gift;talented 的同义词是 gifted。

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divorce n.离婚;断绝关系 vt.与……离婚;与……脱离 (教材 P16)Soon after his divorce in 1973,Asimov married again but he had no children with his second wife. 1973 年他离婚后不久, 阿西莫夫又结婚了, 但是他与第二任妻子没有生儿育女。 (1)get a divorce from sb.=divorce sb. 与某人离婚 (2)divorce...from... (3)divorced adj. be divorced from get divorced 使……与……脱离;与……离婚 离婚的,离开的;脱离……的 脱离……;与……离婚 离婚
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①She got a divorce from him last year.= She divorced him last year. 她去年和他离了婚。 ②You can't divorce art from life. 你不能使艺术脱离生活。 ③“Security cannot be divorced(divorce) from development.” she said. 她说:“安全与发展是不可分离的。”
[名师点津] divorce 和 marry 一样, 不能说 marry/divorce with sb., 表示“跟某人结婚/离婚” 时,marry/divorce 后直接接 sb.作宾语。
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[随 堂 效 果 落 实]
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.He has an affection(affect) for her lovely daughter. 2.She set aside her book and lit a cigarette. 3.All of the students are bound to obey (obey) the school rules. 4.Twenty people in all would like to carry on the plan. 5.My younger sister is my junior by three years. 6.My brother has a talent for painting.
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7.The tests are supposed to provide a basis for the assessment (assess) of children. 8.I feel great sympathy for the little girl whose parents got divorced(divorce) three years ago. 9.It looks as if it's going to rain. 10.It was not until he left the classroom that he realized he had forgotten to tidy his desk.

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Ⅱ.完成句子 1.他如此努力,我相信他未来一定会成功的。 He is so hard?working that I believe he is bound to succeed in the future.(bound) 2.他把自己的事情放在一边来帮我的忙。 He set aside his own business and came here to do me a favour.(set) 3.你昨天晚上在音乐会上看到的是汤姆吗? Was it Tom that you saw at the concert last night?(强调句型) 【导学号:19142017】

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4.那个女孩倾听着,一动也不动,好像已经变成了石头。
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The girl listened as if she had turned into a stone.(as if) 5.直到我儿子八岁时我才发现他有运动天赋。 I didn't find my son has a talent for sports until he was eight.(talent)
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